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An lllinoisan Leaves

Independent publishing loses a champion

Illinois Times

February 23, 1989

I wrote about bookseller Richard Bray for the Reader (“Books matter. People care. Change is possible,” a piece that can be read here). This column for Illinois Times is that piece recast as a rumination on literature in Illinois, specifically on independent publishers of the sort that Bray championed and the bookstores that sustain them.

Lousy titlemine this time.


Richard Bray is leaving Illinois. The governor [James Thompson] is unlikely to appoint a task force of DCCA whiz-kids to devise an incentives package that might entice him to stay, however, because Bray is not the governor's sort of entrepreneur. Bray sells books, or as he prefers to say, ideas; the governor has cooked a book or two in his years as chief budget-maker for the state, but he don't read many.


For the last ten years Bray has been the proprietor of Guild Books on Chicago's North Side. The store is a kind of hobby shop for leftist causemeisters, and makes available to shoppers works by and about people from all kinds of outcast subcultures, from blacks and women to Latin Americans and political radicals.


And Downstate Illinois. Guild is the kind of store where one can buy the works of both Uruguayan Eduardo Galeano and Auburnian John Knoepfle. Bray does not share native Chicagoans' contempt for the life that begins where the Stevenson Expressway ends, although he once shared their ignorance of it. Three years on an advisory committee of the Illinois Arts Council, however, alerted him to the astonishing fact that they grow poets as well as corn Downstate. He discovered that firms such as Peoria's Spoon River Poetry Press (which is publishing the complete works of Vachel Lindsay) were doing essential work in documenting, collecting, and promoting Illinois writing; others, such as Urbana's Stormline Press, were setting high standards in the publication of new verse.


Bray became a literary ecumenist. He had grown up in California and thus was not instructed in the peculiar literary geography that describes Illinois as a subdivision of Chicago. He preached the need for brotherhood among the believers. He promoted the works of Downstate writers and the products of Downstate presses; he invited writers to his store to do readings and to sign books; at committee meetings he urged that state arts money be spent, as well as collected, Downstate.


Much of Illinois' literature is published by smaller commercial and not-for-profit presses. The University of Illinois Press, for example, has added to its already useful line of regional histories and short fiction works two new series. One, "Visions of Illinois," includes photo collections such as Larry Kanfer's popular Prairiescapes and the upcoming Chicago and Downstate, an album of Farm Security Administration photos from 1936-43. The other series is Prairie Books, library-quality paperback reprints of ignored works of merit. As Bray told me recently, 'That's fantastic. They're looking for old labor novels, black history, stuff that never should have gone out of print in the first place."


Putting neglected works into print and getting them into bookstores are two very different processes. "The distribution system is antiquated and based on profit," Bray complains. Publishers who ship in small lots find it uneconomical to distribute their books to retailers through the big commercial wholesalers. (The U of I distributes its books through Cornell University Press in Ithaca, New York.) Neither can they afford to put their own salespeople in the field to promote their titles person-to-person with retailers; U.S. bookstore managers do not blush to sell books they haven't read, but even they will not stock a book they haven't even heard about.


As a result the books of the Champaign-based University of Illinois Press were impossible to find in bookstores in Springfield, a mere eighty-five miles away. A parallel distribution and marketing system that specialized in the books of noncommercial and not-quite-commercial presses would offer a variety of efficiencies, from warehousing and ordering to sales promotion. Bray had helped set up such a system to market literary reviews or 'little magazines" when he was vice-chairman of the New York-based Coordinating Council of Literary Magazines, and saw no reason why it wouldn't work for book publishers too.


Bray put the idea to the Illinois Arts Council, which responded with enough money to set up the not-for-profit Illinois Literary Publishing Association. By last summer the ILPA had sales reps on the road (part-timers, working for commissions) in all fifty states, and by last fall it had added its first full-time staffer at its Oak Park warehouse and office site.


This year Lee Webster, ILPA director, hopes to double 1988 sales of $60,000; ditto its present 280 store accounts. Because of the ILPA, books bearing such exotic imprints as "Peoria, Illinois" can now be dependably found in places as remote as Los Angeles, where the natives are likely to mixture of puzzlement and wonder that us'ns feel when we stumble upon a stone Indian ax head in a field.


Bray also was a ring leader of the Illinois Secretary of State's Read Illinois program. In addition to securing the librarian vote for Jim Edgar in 1990, Read Illinois has a larger purpose, which is to promote Illinois authors, living and dead. The program in its early years attracted mainly public librarians; as a board member, Bray was one of the people who urged a wider focus which encompassed writers, booksellers, and publishers as well as librarians, indeed the entire literate culture of the state. "It should be a massive event," he gushes with typical enthusiasm. (This year's conference is scheduled for Macomb, where the only previous massive events have been outbreaks of corn blight.)


Presumably Bray will not be in attendance at the next Read Illinois conference. He will be applying his energies to a more formidable agenda; as the first-ever director of the LA-based chapter of P.E.N. International (a writers' organization dedicated to defending freedom of thought and expression) he will be worrying not about how to get illiterates to read an author but how to keep them from " murdering him. A certain number of Chicagoans will miss him, of course, as will some of the Downstaters who got to know him. He will be missed most of all, however, by Illinoisans. ●




John Hallwas

Essential for anyone interested in Illinois history and literature. Hallwas deservedly won the 2018 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Illinois State Historical Society.

Lee Sandlin Author

One of Illinois’s best, and least-known, writers of his generation. Take note in particular of The Distancers and Road to Nowhere.

Chicago Architecture Center

See Home Page/Learn/

Resources for a marvelous building database, architecture dictionary, even a city planning graphic novel. Handsome, useful—every Illinois culture website should be so good.

The Encyclopedia of Chicago


The online version of The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Crammed with thousands of topic entries, biographical sketches, maps and images, it is a reference work unmatched in Illinois.

Illinois Great Places

The Illinois chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 2018 selected 200 Great Places in Illinois that illustrate our  shared architectural culture across the entire period of human settlement in Illinois.

McLean County Museum

of History

A nationally accredited, award-winning project of the McLean County Historical Society whose holdings include more than 20,000 objects, more than 15,000 books on local history and genealogy, and boxes and boxes of historical papers and images.

Mr. Lincoln, Route 66, and Other Highlights of Lincoln, Illinois


Every Illinois town ought to have a chronicler like D. Leigh Henson, Ph.D. Not only Lincoln and the Mother road—the author’s curiosity ranges from cattle baron John Dean Gillett to novelist William Maxwell. An Illinois State Historical Society "Best Web Site of the Year."

Illinois Digital Archives


Created in 2000, the IDA is a repository for the digital collections of the Illinois State Library and other Illinois libraries and cultural institutions. The holdings include photographs, slides, and glass negatives, oral histories, newspapers, maps, and documents from manuscripts and letters to postcards,  posters, and videos.

The Illinois State Museum


The people's museum is a treasure house of science and the arts. A research institution of national reputation, the museum maintains four facilities across the state. Their collections in anthropology, fine and decorative arts, botany, zoology, geology, and  history are described here. A few museum publications can be obtained here.

Chronicling Illinois

“Chronicling Illinois” showcases some of the collections—mostly some 6,000 photographs—from the Illinois history holdings of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library.


I will leave it to the authors of this interesting site to describe it. "Chicagology is a study of Chicago history with a focus on the period prior to the Second World War. The purpose of the site is to document common and not so common stories about the City of Chicago as they are discovered." 

Illinois Labor History Society

The Illinois Labor History Society seeks to encourage the preservation and study of labor history materials of the Illinois region, and to arouse public interest in the profound significance of the past to the present. Offers books reviews, podcasts, research guides, and the like. 

Illinois Migration History 1850-2017

The University of Washington’s America’s Great Migrations Project has compiled migration histories  (mostly from the published and unpublished work by UW Professor of History James Gregory) for several states, including Illinois. The site also includes maps and charts and essays about the Great Migration of African Americans to the north, in which Illinois figured importantly. 

History on the Fox

An interesting resource about the history of one of Illinois’s more interesting places, the Fox Valley of Kendall County. History on the Fox is the work of Roger Matile, an amateur historian of the best sort. Matile’s site is a couple of cuts above the typical buff’s blog. (An entry on the French attempt to cash in on the trade in bison pelts runs more than

2,000 words.)




Southern Illinois University Press 2017

A work of solid history, entertainingly told.

Michael Burlingame,

author of Abraham 

Lincoln: A Life 

One of the ten best books on Illinois history I have read in a decade.

Superior Achievement Award citation, ISHS Awards, 2018

A lively and engaging study . . .  an enthralling narrative.

James Edstrom

The Annals of Iowa

A book that merits the attention of all Illinois historians

as well as local historians generally.

John Hoffman

Journal of Illinois HIstory

A model for the kind of detailed and honest history other states and regions could use.

Harold Henderson 

Midwestern Microhistory

A fine example of a resurgence of Midwest historical scholarship.

Greg Hall

Journal of the Illinois

State Historical Society

Click  here 

to read about

the book 

Click  here 

to buy the book 


Southern Illinois University Press

SIU Press is one of the four major university publishing houses in Illinois. Its catalog offers much of local interest, including biographies of Illinois political figures, the history (human and natural) and folklore of southern Illinois, the Civil War and Lincoln, and quality reprints in the Shawnee Classics series.

University of

Illinois Press

The U of I Press was founded in 1918. A search of the online catalog  (Books/Browse by subject/Illinois) will reveal more than 150 Illinois titles, books on history mostly but also butteflies, nature , painting, poetry and fiction, and more.  Of particular note are its Prairie State Books,  quality new paperback editions of worthy titles about all parts of Illinois, augmented with scholarly introductions.

University of

Chicago Press

The U of C publishing operation is the oldest (1891) and largest university press in Illinois. Its reach is international, but it has not neglected its own neighborhood. Any good Illinois library will include dozens of titles about Chicago and Illinois from Fort Dearborn to

Vivian Maier.

Northern Illinois University Press

The newest (1965) and the smallest of the university presses with an interest in Illinois, Northern Illinois University Press gave us important titles such as the standard one-volume history of the state (Biles' Illinois:
A History of the Land and Its People) and contributions to the history of Chicago, Illinois transportation, and the Civil War. Now an imprint of Cornell University Press.


Reviews and significant mentions by James Krohe Jr. of more than 50 Illinois books, arranged in alphabetical order

by book title. 


Illinois Center for the Book

Run by the Illinois State Library, The Center promotes reading, writing and author programs meant to honor the state's rich literary heritage. An affiliate of the Library of Congress’s Center for the Book, the site offers award competitions, a directory of Illinois authors, literary landmarks, and reading programs.

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