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Persian Thumbs

Springfield's daily builds a new home

Illinois Times

July 3, 1981

It has been reported that the late critic Clive James used to annoy his newspaper colleagues by laughing out loud at his own jokes as he put them down on paper. No one has ever been able to accuse me of that, but only because I have always worked alone. This piece has a couple of good ones, and not all of them require an intimate knowledge of Springfield.


As for the topic under consideration that week, the opening of the new SJR headquarters would prove a high point in the paper's history, if not in the history of Springfield architecture; the building still stands in good shape but the institution inside it has since crumbled into ruins.


When I first saw the gaping hole in the ground at Ninth and Capitol in downtown Springfield the other day, my first thought was that it was being dug in preparation for LincolnFest—you know, a latrine maybe, or a bear pit. Then I remembered that Ninth and Capitol is the site of the State Journal-Register's new $8 million office building. The building is the latest in a reported $18 million worth of capital improvements, from new presses and a new production building to computerized typesetting systems,which the Copley Press has installed since the early 1970s. This investment, as the SJR proudly states, is a testament to the paper's "firm conviction in the strength and vitality of the Springfield market." Of course, it is also a testament to the efficiencies of monopoly economics. here are those of us who think that if the Springfield market were so strong it would support two dailies, but like they say, I've never had to meet a payroll.


Even so, when the building plan was unveiled in May, I was delighted to hear that the Copley chain was doing so well, if only because it keeps busy dozens of retired generals of the sort who keep General Pinochet as a pen pal; were they not busy lunching with Helen and the gang, one suspects, they'd be out plotting rightist coups. I was even gladder to hear that the building would be built downtown. I am glad when anything is built downtown. It's gotten so bad lately that SCADA holds a ribbon-cutting ceremony when a new mailbox is installed.


So what hath Copley wrought? The building was designed by the local firm of Ferry & Henderson, the same firm which designed the SJR's production building which stands immediately east of the office site and which was opened in 1973. F&H is a vastly popular firm which was to the Springfield of the 1970s what Baron Georges Haussmann was to Paris in the reign of Napoleon III. To their critics, F&H buildings are like McDonald's hamburgers: They're not very nourishing but you always know what you're going to get when you order one. The firm has done the Lincoln Home Visitors Center, the new Marine Bank, the First National Bank's bridge-like drive-in bank, the First Methodist Church, Sangamon State University's Public Affairs Center (which, remarked a professor I know) "looks like it was designed by Dali, if he'd gone to one of those schools that specialize in dormitory architecture"), and the State of Illinois' mammoth new Revenue Center. Ferry & Henderson also drafted the state's master plan for Capitol complex development which, although it quickly joined the Thompson Proposition in the state's archives of forgotten documents, nevertheless made for an undeniably handsome brochure.

The SJR building will consist of three levels above ground and one below. The upper floors will be symmetrically arranged on either side of a cylindrical atrium that will pierce the front of the building from top to bottom. The atrium will, as the SJR has said, be the most dominant architectural feature, if only by default. At first glance it looks something like a thumb, buried up to the last knuckle, with a sloping glass nail. At second glance it struck me as vaguely Persian, rather like the embassies the Shah was building before his recent demise. An architecture critic I know dubbed it Mobil Gas Moderne.


The design might lack distinction—which makes it a better building for the SJR than it may first appear—but it at least is not actually offensive, which is a compliment considering some of the other major buildings that have gone up downtown in the last twenty years. Across the street from the SJR site, for instance, stands the Sangamon County building, which is so ugly that the county board has yet to find anyone it hates enough to name it after. A few blocks up the street stands the Springfield Hilton Hotel, nee Forum 30, whose nickname is unprintable in a family paper, and the Prairie Capital Convention Center, which not only looks like a fallen souffle but is, like a souffle, mostly empty inside.


I was interested to read that the paper's advertising department will be housed on the first floor while the news room will be located on the third or top floor. As a journalist, this arrangement strikes me as reflecting a just and fitting relationship between the business and the news operation of a newspaper. Indeed, although the new set-up may be more convenient, it is hardly an improvement over the SJR's present arrangement, in which the ad department and the news room are housed not only on separate floors but in separate buildings. I trust that two stories is sufficient distance to enable the SJR's top editors from confusing one department with the other. The new newsroom, by the way, will feature a relatively unobstructed view of the statehouse, seven blocks to the west down Capitol Avenue. This no doubt will serve as an inspiration to the younger staffers. It might also boost the productivity of the older staffers, since instead of being just a block away, Norb Andy's will be three blocks away. Rumor has it that a shuttle bus is not beyond the realm of possibility.


People who have seen them say that the newsroom floor plans show more desks than there are reporters to fill them, leading them to wonder whether the plans portend a much-to-be-desired increase in reporting staff. It seems unlikely. While the Copley Press has been investing its $18 million in hardware it has been trimming back its editorial staff. The result is something like television—a triumph of technology over content. The SJR is a handsomer paper than it was five years ago but it is arguable whether it is a better one, in spite of the talents of its staff. The budget reflects a fundamental imbalance of means and ends common to journalism today; using their fancy new presses to print four-color peanut butter cookie recipes is like digging dandelions with a Tiffany spoon.


This is not the first time the paper has moved. In one form or another it or its predecessors have occupied a half-dozen homes downtown. The State Journal-Register is the bastard child of the Republican Illinois State Journal and the Democratic Illinois State Register, one which, like most hybrids, has proven sterile. The Copley Press bought the Journal in 1928, and leased the Register from 1942 until it bought it outright in 1967.


The Register's last headquarters was in the 600 block of East Monroe. In 1931 the paper installed a handsome terra cotta facade on its existing three-story building, which was not to be the last time that a Springfield business put on a false front. It was a pleasant if conventional period design then common on commercial buildings. The building still stands, its upper floor sadly vacant and awaiting an intelligent re-developer. [Note: It was later destroyed and replaced by a parking lot.)


When the Register was leased by Copley in 1942, it moved into the Journal's present quarters a half block away on Sixth Street. That building was built in 1929, and like the Register building boasts a terra cotta facade—although a somewhat more exuberant one. Plate glass windows on the sidewalk side revealed the presses in the basement, and passersby would often gather to get the latest news or just to watch the presses run; Evelyn Wood graduates could read the paper while it was being printed and thus save themselves a dime. But in 1968 the first floor was remodeled. The windows were blocked in and the facade decorated with glued gravel—although why a landlord would want to make a building resemble a driveway is beyond me.


So incongruous was the resulting terra cotta/gravel combo that many of us living in Springfield at the time assumed there was some other reason for the change. The Copley Press was believed to be paranoid on the subject of race riots—the local Copley paper was spoken of in black neighborhoods in the same breath as the Klan and George Wallace—and it was widely assumed that the windows were closed to protect the vulnerable presses from street violence. Someone—not me—dubbed the result "Riot Moderne." The old building may be put up for sale. It'd be a bargain; there's enough rock on it to make a real nice patio.


When it's done, the SJR will be written in the finest news room on the finest equipment and printed on the finest press in the finest production facility available. Unfortunately, all that will not necessarily make the SJR the finest newspaper available. The Copley Press has built a thriving business in Springfield. Now perhaps it can turn its talents to building a thriving newspaper. A newspaper is harder to build than an office and nearly as expensive—but it's more worth bragging about. ●




John Hallwas

Essential for anyone interested in Illinois history and literature. Hallwas deservedly won the 2018 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Illinois State Historical Society.

Lee Sandlin Author

One of Illinois’s best, and least-known, writers of his generation. Take note in particular of The Distancers and Road to Nowhere.

Chicago Architecture Center

See Home Page/Learn/

Resources for a marvelous building database, architecture dictionary, even a city planning graphic novel. Handsome, useful—every Illinois culture website should be so good.

The Encyclopedia of Chicago


The online version of The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Crammed with thousands of topic entries, biographical sketches, maps and images, it is a reference work unmatched in Illinois.

Illinois Great Places

The Illinois chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 2018 selected 200 Great Places in Illinois that illustrate our  shared architectural culture across the entire period of human settlement in Illinois.

McLean County Museum

of History

A nationally accredited, award-winning project of the McLean County Historical Society whose holdings include more than 20,000 objects, more than 15,000 books on local history and genealogy, and boxes and boxes of historical papers and images.

Mr. Lincoln, Route 66, and Other Highlights of Lincoln, Illinois


Every Illinois town ought to have a chronicler like D. Leigh Henson, Ph.D. Not only Lincoln and the Mother road—the author’s curiosity ranges from cattle baron John Dean Gillett to novelist William Maxwell. An Illinois State Historical Society "Best Web Site of the Year."

Illinois Digital Archives


Created in 2000, the IDA is a repository for the digital collections of the Illinois State Library and other Illinois libraries and cultural institutions. The holdings include photographs, slides, and glass negatives, oral histories, newspapers, maps, and documents from manuscripts and letters to postcards,  posters, and videos.

The Illinois State Museum


The people's museum is a treasure house of science and the arts. A research institution of national reputation, the museum maintains four facilities across the state. Their collections in anthropology, fine and decorative arts, botany, zoology, geology, and  history are described here. A few museum publications can be obtained here.

Chronicling Illinois

“Chronicling Illinois” showcases some of the collections—mostly some 6,000 photographs—from the Illinois history holdings of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library.


I will leave it to the authors of this interesting site to describe it. "Chicagology is a study of Chicago history with a focus on the period prior to the Second World War. The purpose of the site is to document common and not so common stories about the City of Chicago as they are discovered." 

Illinois Labor History Society

The Illinois Labor History Society seeks to encourage the preservation and study of labor history materials of the Illinois region, and to arouse public interest in the profound significance of the past to the present. Offers books reviews, podcasts, research guides, and the like. 

Illinois Migration History 1850-2017

The University of Washington’s America’s Great Migrations Project has compiled migration histories  (mostly from the published and unpublished work by UW Professor of History James Gregory) for several states, including Illinois. The site also includes maps and charts and essays about the Great Migration of African Americans to the north, in which Illinois figured importantly. 

History on the Fox

An interesting resource about the history of one of Illinois’s more interesting places, the Fox Valley of Kendall County. History on the Fox is the work of Roger Matile, an amateur historian of the best sort. Matile’s site is a couple of cuts above the typical buff’s blog. (An entry on the French attempt to cash in on the trade in bison pelts runs more than

2,000 words.)




Southern Illinois University Press 2017

A work of solid history, entertainingly told.

Michael Burlingame,

author of Abraham 

Lincoln: A Life 

One of the ten best books on Illinois history I have read in a decade.

Superior Achievement Award citation, ISHS Awards, 2018

A lively and engaging study . . .  an enthralling narrative.

James Edstrom

The Annals of Iowa

A book that merits the attention of all Illinois historians

as well as local historians generally.

John Hoffman

Journal of Illinois HIstory

A model for the kind of detailed and honest history other states and regions could use.

Harold Henderson 

Midwestern Microhistory

A fine example of a resurgence of Midwest historical scholarship.

Greg Hall

Journal of the Illinois

State Historical Society

Click  here 

to read about

the book 

Click  here 

to buy the book 


Southern Illinois University Press

SIU Press is one of the four major university publishing houses in Illinois. Its catalog offers much of local interest, including biographies of Illinois political figures, the history (human and natural) and folklore of southern Illinois, the Civil War and Lincoln, and quality reprints in the Shawnee Classics series.

University of

Illinois Press

The U of I Press was founded in 1918. A search of the online catalog  (Books/Browse by subject/Illinois) will reveal more than 150 Illinois titles, books on history mostly but also butteflies, nature , painting, poetry and fiction, and more.  Of particular note are its Prairie State Books,  quality new paperback editions of worthy titles about all parts of Illinois, augmented with scholarly introductions.

University of

Chicago Press

The U of C publishing operation is the oldest (1891) and largest university press in Illinois. Its reach is international, but it has not neglected its own neighborhood. Any good Illinois library will include dozens of titles about Chicago and Illinois from Fort Dearborn to

Vivian Maier.

Northern Illinois University Press

The newest (1965) and the smallest of the university presses with an interest in Illinois, Northern Illinois University Press gave us important titles such as the standard one-volume history of the state (Biles' Illinois:
A History of the Land and Its People) and contributions to the history of Chicago, Illinois transportation, and the Civil War. Now an imprint of Cornell University Press.


Reviews and significant mentions by James Krohe Jr. of more than 50 Illinois books, arranged in alphabetical order

by book title. 


Illinois Center for the Book

Run by the Illinois State Library, The Center promotes reading, writing and author programs meant to honor the state's rich literary heritage. An affiliate of the Library of Congress’s Center for the Book, the site offers award competitions, a directory of Illinois authors, literary landmarks, and reading programs.

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