Hoping for the Best
Subdividing Lake Springfield's shorelands
March 23, 1979
Another plea to protect Lake Springfield. Plans to protect the lake from sedimentation date back to 1952 but the recommended protections of the lake's backwaters never materialized. There were suburban subdivisions to build and houses to sell and crop subsidies to qualify for, and such land uses now crowd this part of the lake mere yards away.
Eight miles southwest of Springfield, just a few dozen yards west of Glasser Bridge, Sugar Creek slows to a crawl after a journey of as many miles and settles tiredly into a broad pond that is the southernmost extremity of Lake Springfield. A county road skirts the western shore of the pond, and on the other side of that is a backyard-sized backwater. It looks as if it might have been the mouth of a small stream that used to run into Sugar Creek; now, it forms a sylvan amphitheater whose backdrop is the rows of trees that separate it from the farmland that stretches out invisibly behind them. It may have aspired to the title “pond” at some point in its past, but now it is just a wet spot on the landscape, choked with grasses and reeds, a pond only in the spring when the water is high.
Remote as it is, this backwater belongs to the City of Springfield. It is part of the 4,300 acres of land the city bought in the 1930s to buffer its new reservoir. Eight years ago, I spent an afternoon with a posse of teenagers from The Learning Community riding out in pursuit of Nature. It was spring, and the flooded backwater verified by the variety and abundance of its insect and animal tenants the biologists’ claim that freshwater ponds in the spring harbor more life than any field, stream, or forest. An hour or two of industrious if haphazard exploration netted several catches: a DeKay snake (which, I am ashamed to say, was carted back to the school); a dog’s skull; a jarful of frogs’ eggs; the pale, thin ghosts left behind when crayfish molt and shed their brittle, translucent exoskeletons.
I returned to the backwater last week. It was remarkably unchanged—a little more overgrown as sediment slowly re-exerts its claim on the land lost to the lake when it was first flooded, a few more beer cans left in the grass, a few more McDonald’s wrappers. As I stood there a muskrat swam serenely out from its burrow on the bank on the lake side of the roadway until my shadow crossed his path when he crash-dived into the murk. Traffic whizzed by to and from Chatham and the interstate not fifty steps behind me, but this spot retained the sense of isolation and indifference that one always finds in a wildish place.
And then I looked up. Looming behind the trees, dark and featureless against a bright afternoon sky, were the brand-new houses of the Ivy Glen subdivision, squatting uninvited and forbidding on its doorstep.
Ivy Glen is part of the village of Chatham, though not actually in it; Chatham has flung out its nets so far that its boundaries now reach all the way to the Sugar Creek, even though the creek runs several miles east of the village proper. Next to Ivy Glen is the Glenwood Park subdivision, another typical suburban excrescence, like Ivy Glen built on land that was farmland just two or three years ago.
The usual unhappy environmental consequences will no doubt attend these developments. Their construction left hillsides exposed to weather, for instance, and topsoil from the wounds bled into the lake. Lawn fertilizer, snow-melting chemicals, septic tank effluent—when these houses were built there was no sewer line within a dozen miles—will wash into lake waters. Children will roam the adjoining woods with BB guns and pocketknives, dogs and cats will make life miserable for woodland species living within their reach. Increased human traffic will add to the litter and the casual vandalism that are urbanization’s footprints on the landscape. The woods here survived for four decades, but no sensible person would predict that they will last four decades more.
The City of Springfield owns some 2,450 acres of “unimproved” land along Lake Springfield’s fifty-seven-mile shoreline. Most of it borders the two creek arms. Along with the Springfield Park District’s Carpenter and Gurgens parks, these acres constitute the only sizable public holdings of such land left in the paved and plowed expanse of Sangamon County. (The county government has been characteristically negligent in this area, and boasts not so much as a square foot of park, forest preserve or conservation area.)
Despite their importance, virtually the only official voice raised in their defense in recent years belongs to Jim Henneberry, Springfield’s utilities commissioner, whose department is responsible for the maintenance of the lake and its environs. It’s a responsibility some of his recent predecessors haven’t taken so seriously; parts of the wildlife sanctuary were leased to private clubs, city land along Stevenson Drive was leased to businesses catering to the tourists, and some shoreline property was similarly leased for private homes.
Last summer Henneberry blocked a plan by Chatham to route a leg of that village’s new sewer system (a system, incidentally, which is bound to spur more development in the area) through city shoreline land near Glasser Bridge. As long as two years ago, Henneberry told an IT reporter, “When I was environmental coordinator for the lake I recommended that this (unimproved shoreline) be dedicated for public use in perpetuity, but the city council hasn’t done anything about it. There are enormous pressures out there to build . . . Hopefully in the near future we are going to put this before the council.”
But the matter has never been put before the council. Part of the problem is that dedication apparently requires that the city surrender at least some control over its land, something a jealous city council is not likely to do. But a proposal by attorney William Hanley to establish a more flexible “conservation right” over the city holdings as allowed under a recent Illinois law was never acted upon. There is no organized shorelands lobby, and such support as they occasionally receive—from the Lake Shore Improvement Association, for example—is discounted at city hall because so many of the pleaders are not city residents.
However, some official attention is being paid to the problem. Henneberry’s department recently contracted the regional planning commission to study the impact of development on the lake’s watershed, with the ultimate aim being the drafting of recommendations to insure a continued safe and plentiful water supply for the city. One of the questions planners hope to answer in that study will be the fate of the shorelands. It is too early to say what steps may be recommended when the report is issued, perhaps by early summer. In the meantime, there are still “for sale” signs on vacant lots at Glenwood Park, and the pretentious landscaped boulevard that leads into Ivy Glen attests to the developer’s ambitions there. One waits, and hopes for the best. ●
Essential for anyone interested in Illinois history and literature. Hallwas deservedly won the 2018 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Illinois State Historical Society.
One of Illinois’s best, and least-known, writers of his generation. Take note in particular of The Distancers and Road to Nowhere.
See Home Page/Learn/
Resources for a marvelous building database, architecture dictionary, even a city planning graphic novel. Handsome, useful—every Illinois culture website should be so good.
The online version of The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Crammed with thousands of topic entries, biographical sketches, maps and images, it is a reference work unmatched in Illinois.
The Illinois chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 2018 selected 200 Great Places in Illinois that illustrate our shared architectural culture across the entire period of human settlement in Illinois.
A nationally accredited, award-winning project of the McLean County Historical Society whose holdings include more than 20,000 objects, more than 15,000 books on local history and genealogy, and boxes and boxes of historical papers and images.
Every Illinois town ought to have a chronicler like D. Leigh Henson, Ph.D. Not only Lincoln and the Mother road—the author’s curiosity ranges from cattle baron John Dean Gillett to novelist William Maxwell. An Illinois State Historical Society "Best Web Site of the Year."
Created in 2000, the IDA is a repository for the digital collections of the Illinois State Library and other Illinois libraries and cultural institutions. The holdings include photographs, slides, and glass negatives, oral histories, newspapers, maps, and documents from manuscripts and letters to postcards, posters, and videos.
The people's museum is a treasure house of science and the arts. A research institution of national reputation, the museum maintains four facilities across the state. Their collections in anthropology, fine and decorative arts, botany, zoology, geology, and history are described here. A few museum publications can be obtained here.
“Chronicling Illinois” showcases some of the collections—mostly some 6,000 photographs—from the Illinois history holdings of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library.
I will leave it to the authors of this interesting site to describe it. "Chicagology is a study of Chicago history with a focus on the period prior to the Second World War. The purpose of the site is to document common and not so common stories about the City of Chicago as they are discovered."
The Illinois Labor History Society seeks to encourage the preservation and study of labor history materials of the Illinois region, and to arouse public interest in the profound significance of the past to the present. Offers books reviews, podcasts, research guides, and the like.
The University of Washington’s America’s Great Migrations Project has compiled migration histories (mostly from the published and unpublished work by UW Professor of History James Gregory) for several states, including Illinois. The site also includes maps and charts and essays about the Great Migration of African Americans to the north, in which Illinois figured importantly.
An interesting resource about the history of one of Illinois’s more interesting places, the Fox Valley of Kendall County. History on the Fox is the work of Roger Matile, an amateur historian of the best sort. Matile’s site is a couple of cuts above the typical buff’s blog. (An entry on the French attempt to cash in on the trade in bison pelts runs more than
Southern Illinois University Press 2017
A work of solid history, entertainingly told.
author of Abraham
Lincoln: A Life
One of the ten best books on Illinois history I have read in a decade.
Superior Achievement Award citation, ISHS Awards, 2018
A lively and engaging study . . . an enthralling narrative.
The Annals of Iowa
A book that merits the attention of all Illinois historians
as well as local historians generally.
Journal of Illinois HIstory
A model for the kind of detailed and honest history other states and regions could use.
A fine example of a resurgence of Midwest historical scholarship.
Journal of the Illinois
State Historical Society
to read about
to buy the book
SIU Press is one of the four major university publishing houses in Illinois. Its catalog offers much of local interest, including biographies of Illinois political figures, the history (human and natural) and folklore of southern Illinois, the Civil War and Lincoln, and quality reprints in the Shawnee Classics series.
The U of I Press was founded in 1918. A search of the online catalog (Books/Browse by subject/Illinois) will reveal more than 150 Illinois titles, books on history mostly but also butteflies, nature , painting, poetry and fiction, and more. Of particular note are its Prairie State Books, quality new paperback editions of worthy titles about all parts of Illinois, augmented with scholarly introductions.
The U of C publishing operation is the oldest (1891) and largest university press in Illinois. Its reach is international, but it has not neglected its own neighborhood. Any good Illinois library will include dozens of titles about Chicago and Illinois from Fort Dearborn to
The newest (1965) and the smallest of the university presses with an interest in Illinois, Northern Illinois University Press gave us important titles such as the standard one-volume history of the state (Biles' Illinois:
A History of the Land and Its People) and contributions to the history of Chicago, Illinois transportation, and the Civil War. Now an imprint of Cornell University Press.
Reviews and significant mentions by James Krohe Jr. of more than 50 Illinois books, arranged in alphabetical order
by book title.
Run by the Illinois State Library, The Center promotes reading, writing and author programs meant to honor the state's rich literary heritage. An affiliate of the Library of Congress’s Center for the Book, the site offers award competitions, a directory of Illinois authors, literary landmarks, and reading programs.