Corn Kings and One-Horse Thieves
Odds & ends
Illinois past and present, as seen by James Krohe Jr.
The Corn Latitudes
The end of the Hotel Abraham Lincoln
December 22, 1978
An eyewitness account of the demolition of the Hotel Abraham Lincoln in downtown Springfield, probably the grandest and stupidest spectacle the capital city has ever seen. I wrote about the circumstances that led to this unhappy climax here.
At Fourth and Cook streets it looked like rush hour on a Monday morning. The curbsides which are usually vacant on Sunday mornings were crowded with cars, and the knots of people who got out of them moved briskly north toward downtown. It was the morning the state was going to blow up the Abe Lincoln Hotel, and they'd all come to take a look.
L. and I joined the stream, slightly exceeding it in briskness, because it was already eight-fifteen and there were only fifteen minutes before detonation. We, like everyone else on the street, had resolved to ignore the advice of authorities who asked sightseers to stay away. We headed west toward the knoll now occupied by the Illinois Bar Association headquarters and the attorney general's building; it offered the perspective of height, and as the papers had said that the building would be taken down starting with the west wall, we reasoned (correctly) that the view from the west would be best.
We skirted police barricades by cutting through to Jackson Street along the driveway that runs between the Lincoln Towers apartment/hotel building and the Third Street railroad tracks. Party-ers were crowding the balconies up and down the hotel side of the fourteen-story tower. They were shouting at people they knew below, laughing, singing; many were drunk. I wondered to myself how early one would have to start drinking to get loud drunk by eight in the morning, then L. muttered something about their probably having been at it all night long. The driveway was splattered with spittle, some showing traces of Bloody Marys, put there by the drunks on the balconies above, a few of whom were plainly trying to hit the people walking past them below.
The crowd on the ground was for the most part sober, quiet, a little tense. They looked at their watches a lot, occasionally tried to stamp the cold out of their feet, chatted, trampled on the lawyers' ivy and shrubbery. One woman wondered aloud whether the pigeons roosting in the old hulk would have enough time to escape when the dynamite went off. Everyone, it seemed, had a camera strapped around his neck, something that puzzled me at first—pictures of the takedown would doubtless fill the pages of the papers the next morning—until I decided that a photograph taken on the spot was proof that the taker had really been there, his accreditation as a witness for anyone in the future for whom the taker might think it important to know.
L. and I watched with the rest (the papers said there were 5,000 of us in all) as the seven explosive charges cracked, like a tympani roll struck with hard mallets, and the Abe collapsed in an impossibly large cloud of dust. People clapped and left. A couple of hours later L. and I were entering a northside grocery store in search of enough powdered sugar to enable her to finish decorating Christmas cookies, an annual rite. On our way through downtown, we had seen lines of cars stretched down Capitol and up Fifth Street in a smoking processional, each car carrying sightseers past the ruins.
"I didn't expect it to affect me personally the way it did," she said as the automatic doors wheezed open. "I mean, I never knew it when it was a hotel. The only experience I ever had of the place was when it was abandoned and I had to hold my nose when I walked by it because of that horrible musty smell that came from inside it." L. found her sugar and picked up a pound box. "So why did it bother me?"
"I'll tell you why it bothered you. Because neither of us will ever live long enough to see a building like that one ever built again in this city, and because every time they destroy one of those places they make Springfield a smaller place."
L.—motoring south now, passing a tacky two-story frame and brick apartment house of the type that seems to sprout on every vacant lot like dandelions—"Yes, I know. I wouldn't care if they knocked that thing down, because I know they could put up another one like it tomorrow." I nodded agreement. It had occurred to me that morning, while we were all standing there waiting, that they should have left the Abe standing just they way it was, as a monument, the way European cities left some of their bombed-out cathedrals broken and burned as a reminder to their people of certain things they have a tendency to forget too easily.
For the rest of that day the memory of what I'd seen than morning replayed itself over and over. Something about it nagged at me, something familiar and strange at the same time. Then I remembered. I went to my bookshelves and took down my "Orwell Reader" and flipped to a memoir George Orwell wrote in 1936. He called it, "Shooting an Elephant," and it was based on something that happened to him while he was serving in Burma with the Indian Imperial Police. He had had to shoot a rogue elephant that had killed a man. When he pulled the trigger, he wrote, he didn't ever hear the report. Then:
In that instant, in too short a time, one would have thought, even for the bullet to get there, a mysterious, terrible change had come over the elephant. He neither stirred nor fell, but every line in his body altered. He looked suddenly stricken, shrunken, immensely old, as though the frightful impact of the bullet had paralyzed him without knocking him down. At last, after what seemed a long time—it might have been five seconds, I dare say — he sagged flabbily to his knees . . . . And then down he came, his belly toward me, with a crash that seemed to shake the ground even where I lay.
I reread the lines and put the book away. The sightseers, by the way, kept filing by the corpse of the Abe in long lines, until it got dark. ●
Essential for anyone interested in Illinois history and literature. Hallwas deservedly won the 2018 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Illinois State Historical Society.
One of Illinois’s best, and least-known, writers of his generation. Take note in particular of The Distancers and Road to Nowhere.
See Home Page/Learn/
Resources for a marvelous building database, architecture dictionary, even a city planning graphic novel. Handsome, useful—every Illinois culture website should be so good.
The online version of The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Crammed with thousands of topic entries, biographical sketches, maps and images, it is a reference work unmatched in Illinois.
The Illinois chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 2018 selected 200 Great Places in Illinois that illustrate our shared architectural culture across the entire period of human settlement in Illinois.
A nationally accredited, award-winning project of the McLean County Historical Society whose holdings include more than 20,000 objects, more than 15,000 books on local history and genealogy, and boxes and boxes of historical papers and images.
Mr. Lincoln, Route 66, and Other Highlights of Lincoln, Illinois
Every Illinois town ought to have a chronicler like D. Leigh Henson, Ph.D. Not only Lincoln and the Mother road—the author’s curiosity ranges from cattle baron John Dean Gillett to novelist William Maxwell. An Illinois State Historical Society "Best Web Site of the Year."
Created in 2000, the IDA is a repository for the digital collections of the Illinois State Library and other Illinois libraries and cultural institutions. The holdings include photographs, slides, and glass negatives, oral histories, newspapers, maps, and documents from manuscripts and letters to postcards, posters, and videos.
The people's museum is a treasure house of science and the arts. A research institution of national reputation, the museum maintains four facilities across the state. Their collections in anthropology, fine and decorative arts, botany, zoology, geology, and history are described here. A few museum publications can be obtained here.
“Chronicling Illinois” showcases some of the collections—mostly some 6,000 photographs—from the Illinois history holdings of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library.
I will leave it to the authors of this interesting site to describe it. "Chicagology is a study of Chicago history with a focus on the period prior to the Second World War. The purpose of the site is to document common and not so common stories about the City of Chicago as they are discovered."
Illinois Labor History Society
The Illinois Labor History Society seeks to encourage the preservation and study of labor history materials of the Illinois region, and to arouse public interest in the profound significance of the past to the present. Offers books reviews, podcasts, research guides, and the like.
Illinois Migration History 1850-2017
The University of Washington’s America’s Great Migrations Project has compiled migration histories (mostly from the published and unpublished work by UW Professor of History James Gregory) for several states, including Illinois. The site also includes maps and charts and essays about the Great Migration of African Americans to the north, in which Illinois figured importantly.
An interesting resource about the history of one of Illinois’s more interesting places, the Fox Valley of Kendall County. History on the Fox is the work of Roger Matile, an amateur historian of the best sort. Matile’s site is a couple of cuts above the typical buff’s blog. (An entry on the French attempt to cash in on the trade in bison pelts runs more than
Southern Illinois University Press 2017
A work of solid history, entertainingly told.
author of Abraham
Lincoln: A Life
One of the ten best books on Illinois history I have read in a decade.
Superior Achievement Award citation, ISHS Awards, 2018
A lively and engaging study . . . an enthralling narrative.
The Annals of Iowa
A book that merits the attention of all Illinois historians
as well as local historians generally.
Journal of Illinois HIstory
A model for the kind of detailed and honest history other states and regions could use.
A fine example of a resurgence of Midwest historical scholarship.
Journal of the Illinois
State Historical Society
to read about
to buy the book
Southern Illinois University Press
SIU Press is one of the four major university publishing houses in Illinois. Its catalog offers much of local interest, including biographies of Illinois political figures, the history (human and natural) and folklore of southern Illinois, the Civil War and Lincoln, and quality reprints in the Shawnee Classics series.
The U of I Press was founded in 1918. A search of the online catalog (Books/Browse by subject/Illinois) will reveal more than 150 Illinois titles, books on history mostly but also butteflies, nature , painting, poetry and fiction, and more. Of particular note are its Prairie State Books, quality new paperback editions of worthy titles about all parts of Illinois, augmented with scholarly introductions.
The U of C publishing operation is the oldest (1891) and largest university press in Illinois. Its reach is international, but it has not neglected its own neighborhood. Any good Illinois library will include dozens of titles about Chicago and Illinois from Fort Dearborn to
Northern Illinois University Press
The newest (1965) and the smallest of the university presses with an interest in Illinois, Northern Illinois University Press gave us important titles such as the standard one-volume history of the state (Biles' Illinois:
A History of the Land and Its People) and contributions to the history of Chicago, Illinois transportation, and the Civil War. Now an imprint of Cornell University Press.
Reviews and significant mentions by James Krohe Jr. of more than 50 Illinois books, arranged in alphabetical order
by book title.
Run by the Illinois State Library, The Center promotes reading, writing and author programs meant to honor the state's rich literary heritage. An affiliate of the Library of Congress’s Center for the Book, the site offers award competitions, a directory of Illinois authors, literary landmarks, and reading programs.
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Arts & culture